Experimental Investigation of Textured Surfaces in Line and Point Mixed Lubrication Contact

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.


 Finding a way to reduce the wear resulted from aperities interactions in mixed lubrication regime is an interesting area. One of the inspiring solution is surface texturing. Using a convenient laser, a textured surface with arbitrary micro cavity shape and size was prepared accurately. In this study, the effect of laser surface texture on the wear and friction behavior of discs in line and point contact in mixed lubrication regime was investigated. The effect of texturing area, linear velocity, and vertical load were examined. The friction coefficient variation reaches a narrow margin after an adequate distance. The results showed that wear decreases with increasing speed and decreasing the applied force. Comparing the results between plane and textured discs, it was found that the coefficient of friction was reduced between 12 and 19% and the
amount of wear was reduced by almost more than 40%.


[1] Y. Qiu, M.M. Khonsari, Experimental investigation of tribological performance of laser textured stainless steel rings, Tribol. Int., 44(5) (2011) 635-644.
[2] S. Kango, D. Singh, R.K. Sharma, Numerical investigation on the influence of surface texture on the perfor-mance of hydrodynamic journal bearing, Meccanica, 47(2) (2012) 469-482.
[3] D. Xiong, Y. Qin, J. Li, Y. Wan, R. Tyagi, Tribological properties of PTFE/laser surface textured stainless steel under starved oil lubrication, Tribol. Int., 82(B) (2015) 305-310.
[4] D. Braun, C. Greiner, J. Schneider, P. Gumbsch, Efficiency of laser surface texturing in the reduction of friction under mixed lubrication, Tribol. Int., 77 (2014) 142-147.
[5] R. Chaudhary, R.K. Pandey, S.K. Mazumdar, Tribological studies of low and high viscous oils lubricated heavily loaded textured point contacts under the reciprocating motion, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J:
J. Eng. Tribol., 234(2) (2020) 229-246.
[6] I. Etsion, L. Burstein, A model for mechanical seals with regular microsurface structure, Tribol. Trans., 39(3) (1996) 677-683.
[7] I. Etsion, State of the art in laser surface texturing, J. Tribol., 127(1) (2005) 248-253.
[8] I. Etsion, Laser surface texturing and applications. Recent Developments in Wear Prevention, Frict. Lubr., (2010) 137-158.
[9] G. Cheng, K. Xiao, J. Wang, Study of the friction and wear of dimple textured surfaces based on mixed elastohydrodynamic lubrication, Surf. Topogr. Metrol. Prop., 9(4) (2021) 045015.
[10] Y. Niu, X. Pang, S. Yue, B. Shangguan, Y. Zhang, The friction and wear behavior of laser textured surfaces in non-conformal contact under starved lubrication, Wear, 476 (2021) 203723.
[11] R. Long, Q. Shang, Z. Jin, Y. Zhang, Z. Ju, M. Li, Tribological behavior of laser textured rolling element bearings under starved lubrication, Ind. Lubr. Tribol., 74(5) (2022) 453-462.
[12] M. Conradi, A. Kocijan, D. Klobˇcar, B. Podgornik, Tribological response of laser-textured Ti6Al4V alloy under dry conditions and lubricated with Hank’s solution, Tribol. Int., 160 (2021) 107049.
[13] P. Kahhal, M. Yeganehfar, M. Kashfi, An experimental and numerical evaluation of steel A105 friction coefficient using different lubricants at high temperature, Tribol. Trans., 65(1) (2022) 25-31.
[14] G. Caramia, G. Carbone, P. De Palma, Hydrodynamic lubrication of micro-textured surfaces: Two dimensional CFD-analysis, Tribol. Int., 88 (2015) 162-169.
[15] J. Han, L. Fang, J. Sun, S. Ge, Hydrodynamic lubrication of microdimple textured surface using three-dimensional CFD, Tribol. Trans., 53(6) (2010) 860-870.
[16] D. Gropper, T.J. Harvey, L. Wang, Numerical analysis and optimization of surface textures for a tilting pad thrust bearing, Tribol. Int., 124 (2018) 134-144.
[17] D. Gropper, T.J. Harvey, L. Wang, A numerical model for design and optimization of surface textures for tilting pad thrust bearings, Tribol. Int., 119 (2018) 190-207.
[18] R. Rahmani, H. Rahnejat, Enhanced performance of optimised partially textured load bearing surfaces, Tribol. Int., 117 (2018) 272-282.
[19] X. Meng, C. Gu, Y. Xie, Elasto-plastic contact of rough surfaces: a mixed-lubrication model for the textured surface analysis, Meccanica, 52(7) (2017) 1541-1559.
[20] M. Rom, S. Müller, An effective Navier-Stokes model for the simulation of textured surface lubrication, Tribol. Int., 124 (2018) 247-258.
[21] M. Taee, A. Torabi, S. Akbarzadeh, M.M. Khonsari, M. Badrossamay, On the performance of EHL contacts with textured surfaces. Tribol. Lett., 65(3) (2017) 85.
[22] X.L. Yan, Y.Y. Zhang, G.X. Xie, X.Q. Du, F. Qin, Effects of texture orientation on the mixed thermal elastohydrodynamic lubrication and fatigue life in point contacts, J. Tribol., 141(1) (2019) 011501.
[23] A. Torabi, S. Akbarzadeh, B. Azami, Transient numerical modeling and experimental investigation of the effect of surface texture on elastohydrodynamic lubrication, Amirkabir J. Mech. Eng., 53(5) (2021) 6-6.
[24] B. Antoszewski, The effect of laser surface texturing on frictional performance of sliding pair, Zeszyty Naukowe/Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, 31(103) (2012) 14-18.